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|Title: ||Pattern and Trends of Respiratory Disease Admissions at the Emergency Paediatrics Unit of Jos University Teaching Hospital – A Four Year Review|
|Authors: ||Yiltok, Esther S.|
Akhiwu, Helen O.
Yilgwan, Christopher S.
Ejeliogu, Emeka U.
Ebonyi, Augustine O.
|Issue Date: ||10-Jun-2017|
|Publisher: ||British Journal of Medicine & Medical Research|
|Series/Report no.: ||Vol. 22;Iss. 2: Pp 1-6|
|Abstract: ||Aims: Respiratory diseases contributes substantially to the number of Paediatric admissions and
deaths especially in low income countries. Understanding the trends will help in health planning and
resource distribution. This study is to describe the pattern and trend of respiratory diseases in
children in a tertiary healthcare facility in north-central Nigeria.
Study Design: This study was a retrospective study including all patients admitted and managed
with respiratory diseases. The relevant clinical information was extracted from the hospital records.
Place and Duration of Study: The Emergency Paediatric Unit (EPU) of the Jos University
Teaching Hospital (JUTH), Jos Nigeria, between January 2012 and December 2015.
Methodology: A total of 2277 children aged 6 weeks-18 years were admitted into the unit within
the study period. Out of these, 498 (21.9%) were diagnosed with respiratory disease. Clinical
records were retrieved and reviewed. Those with inconclusive diagnosis as well as those with
associated co-morbidities such as cardiac anomalies were excluded. The data collected were
entered and analyzed using Epi Info version 7.2. Student t-test and chi-square test were used to
analyze categorical and continuous variables respectively.
Results: Pneumonia accounted for 54.4% of total respiratory diseases. Cases of Pneumonia were
mostly seen at the peak of the rainy and the harmattan seasons. (March, June/July and
October/November). The highest number of cases of respiratory diseases were in the under-fives.
The commonest complication was congestive cardiac failure and it was commoner in the younger
Conclusion: The prevalence of respiratory diseases remains high and contributes significantly to
hospital admissions especially in the under five children. There is need to introduce new vaccines
and re-enforce existing immunization against common organisms that cause pneumonia in children.
There is also need to introduce policies that would ensure appropriate treatment for children to
reduce the burden of these diseases.|
|Appears in Collections:||Paediatrics|
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