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|Title: ||Incidence and Predictors of Premalignant Cervical Lesions among Women in Jos University Teaching Hospital, Plateau State, Nigeria.|
|Authors: ||Dare, Abraham|
Samuel, Ari Eunice
Jacob, Onyawole Rachael
|Issue Date: ||2016|
|Publisher: ||African Journal of Midwifery and Women's Health.|
|Series/Report no.: ||Vol. 10;No. 3; Pp 138-144|
|Abstract: ||Background: Premalignant cervical lesions are a potential
precursor of cervical cancer, which can be identified through
screening. Approximately 80% of cervical cancers occur in
developing countries, where routine screening is rare.
Aims: This study aimed to examine the incidence and risk
factors of premalignant cervical lesions among women screened
at Jos University Teaching Hospital (JUTH) in 2009.
Methods: A purposive sampling technique was used to select
a sample sile of all the women (1962) who were screened at
JUTH during January—December 2009. Data were retrieved with
the help of the data manager of the cervical cancer screening
unit. Descriptive and multiple regression analyses were done to
determine risk factors.
Findings: Of the 1962 subjects, 5.8% tested positive and
94.2% negative. The majority (82.5%) of those with premallgnant
cervical lesions had experienced sexually transmitted infections.
Those using oral contraceptives had a higher rate (44.7%) of
lesions than women using other forms of contraception. Women
who had first sexual intercourse aged 10-15 years had a higher
rate (41.2%) of lesions, as did those who had seven or more
sexual partners (50.9%), or with seven or more children (43.9%).
Conclusions: There was a fairly low incidence of positive
screening results among the study population. Major risk factors
included sexually transmitted infections, early age of ﬁrst sexual
intercourse, increased number of sexual partners, use of oral
contraceptive pills and increased parity. The authors recommend
a public health campaign on the beneﬁts of cervical cancer
screening in Plateau State and across Nigeria.|
|Appears in Collections:||Nursing|
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