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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/1690

Title: FOXP3 Gene Expression in a Tuberculosis Case Contact Study
Authors: Burl, S.
Hill, P. C.
Jeffries, D. J.
Holland, M. J.
Fox, A.
Lugos, M. D.
Adegbola, R. A.
Rook, G. A.
Zumla, A.
Keywords: IL-10
T ᵣₑg
Issue Date: 2007
Publisher: Clinical and Experimental Immunology
Series/Report no.: Vol.149;Pp 117–122
Abstract: Regulatory T lymphocytes (Tregs) that express FOXP3 are involved in the beneficial attenuation of immunopathology, but are also implicated in downregulation of protective responses to infection. Their role in tuberculosis (TB) is unknown.We classified 1272 healthy TB contacts according to their tuberculin skin test (TST) and interferon (IFN)-g enzyme-linked immunospot (ELISPOT) results and 128 TB cases, and studied the expression of FOXP3 and interleukin (IL)-10 in blood samples.Compared to the uninfected contact group (TST–, ELISPOT–), we observed higher levels of FOXP3 mRNA in blood from TB patients (< 0·001), but IL-10 expression was slightly lower (P = 0·04). In contrast, FOXP3 expression levels were significantly lower (P = 0·001) in the recently infected contacts (TST+, ELISPOT+) but there was no difference for IL-10 (P = 0·74). We hypothesize that during early/ subclinical TB, most of which will become latent, FOXP3+ Tregs may be sequestered in the lungs, but when TB becomes progressive, FOXP3 reappears at increased levels in the periphery.While these findings do not reveal the role, beneficial or harmful, of Tregs in TB, they emphasize the probable importance of these cells.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/1690
ISSN: 1365-2249
Appears in Collections:Medical Laboratory Sciences

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