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Title: Prevalence of Postdural Puncture Headache among Caesarean Section Patients in North Central Nigeria
Authors: Nuhu, Samuel I.
Embu, Henry Y.
Shambe, Iornum
Keywords: subarachnoid block
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Kanem Journal of Medical Sciences
Series/Report no.: Vol. 1;Iss. 11; Pp 47-52
Abstract: Spinal anaesthesia is now a popular choice for Caesarean sections in Africa but one of the draw-back is the development of post-dural puncture headache (PDPH) and it could be quite distressing to a mother. Identifying risk factors and reducing the prevalence is pertinent. This study sought to determine the prevalence of PDPH among patients who underwent Caesarean sections in a tertiary hospital in Jos, Plateau State, Nigeria and some of its possible associated factors.Method: It was a prospective study of all Caesarean sections done under spinal anaesthesia between November 2016 and June 2017. Spinal anaesthesia was performed on 236 parturients using Quincke-type needles sizes 23-26G. In the postoperative period, all the patients were followed-up to determine the incidence, onset, and severity of post-dural puncture headache. Epi-info version 7 was used for data analysis. Results: The prevalence of PDPH was 22.03%. Most of the parturients who developed PDPH in our study were of mild to moderate intensity using the numeric rating scale. Twenty six (11%) had mild, while 11 (4.7%) had moderate intensity of headache and which was resolved with treatment. Conclusion: The prevalence of PDPH is high in the obstetric population especially with the use of traumatic Quincke-type needles. Deliberate efforts must be made to reduce its occurrence by acquiring of small calibre pencil-point needles and training staff on how to use it.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/2085
Appears in Collections:Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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