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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/2579

Title: Prevalence and Risk Factors Associated with Faecal Shedding of Cryptosporidium Oocysts in Dogs in the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja, Nigeria
Authors: Olabanji, Gbemisola Magaret
Maikai, Beatty-Viv
Otolorin, Gbeminiyi Richard
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Veterinary Medicine International
Series/Report no.: Vol. 2016;Pp 1-6
Abstract: Cryptosporidium is one of the causes of diarrhoeal illness in man and animals worldwide.The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors associated with faecal shedding of Cryptosporidium oocysts in dogs in FCT Abuja, Nigeria. A total of 276 dog faecal samples were examined using Modified Acid Fast (MAF) technique and Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA). Fifteen (5.4%) and 51 (18.5%) out of the 276 dog faecal samples examined were positive for Cryptosporidium oocysts and coproantigens, respectively. There was a fair agreement (0.371) between the two tests used in this study. The prevalence of Cryptosporidium infection was highest in 4 dogs (21.0%) between 3 and 9 months of age. Ten diarrhoeic dogs (30.3%) and 31 dogs from rural settlements were more infected (22.46%) with Cryptosporidium oocysts.There was statistical association between prevalence of Cryptosporidium and confinement of dogs (OR = 0.41; 95% CI on OR: 0.21 < OR < 0.80). However, there was no statistical association (𝑃 > 0.05) between prevalence of Cryptosporidium and age, diarrhoeic status of the dogs, sex, breed, and location. A total of 62.7% respondents did not have prior knowledge about dogs harbouring organisms that can infect humans. The finding of this research is of public health significance.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/2579
Appears in Collections:Veterinary Public Health and Preventive Medicine

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