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|Title: ||Cases of Dog Bite in Aba, Abia State Nigeria and Its PublicHealth Significance|
|Authors: ||Richard, Otolorin Gbeminiyi|
Umoh, Jarlath U.
Adamu, Dzikwi Asabe
|Issue Date: ||2014|
|Publisher: ||International Journal of Tropical Disease & Health|
|Series/Report no.: ||Vol. 4;No. 10; Pp 1098-1103|
|Abstract: ||Background: Dog bite cases poses a major public health threat in Nigeria. Majority of rabies infection in humans are due to bites from rabid dogs which are mainly local breed. Research carried out in Nigeria has established that some apparently healthy dogs excrete rabies viral antigen in their saliva without showing clinical signs. Aim: This study was carried out to evaluate cases of dog bite in Aba, Abia state Nigeria and its public health significance Methodology: Cases of dog bite in humans reported at the Zonal Veterinary Clinic Aba, Abia state Nigeria from 2007 to 2012 were retrieved. Data on cases of dog bites from the Veterinary clinic record were extracted using a structured questionnaire designed for the study. Results: Out of 215 reported cases of dog bite, 11.6% were victims less than 15 years of age and 44.7% were victims greater than 30 years of age. Local breed of dogs (50.7%) were most involved in the bites, with cross breed (12.6%) being the least. Majority (78.1%) of the dogs involved in the bites were unvaccinated against rabies, with 11.6% having unknown anti-rabies vaccination status. There was no association (x² =7.38, P > 0.05) between breed and vaccination status of the offending dogs. Dog bite victims were|
|Appears in Collections:||Veterinary Public Health and Preventive Medicine|
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