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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/2811

Title: Pediatric maxillofacial injuries at a Nigerian teaching hospital: A three-year review
Authors: Osunde, O.D.
Amole, I.O.
Ver-or, N.
Akhiwu, B.I.
Adebola, R.A.
Iyogun, C.A.
Efunkoya, A.A.
Issue Date: Jun-2013
Publisher: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
Series/Report no.: Vol. 16;Iss.2; Pp 149-154
Abstract: Aim: To determine the nature of pediatric maxillofacial injuries, according to etiology and characteristics of patients. Materials and Methods: The records of patients aged 15 years and below who presented with maxillofacial trauma to the Maxillofacial Clinic of Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria over a 3-year period were retrospectively examined. Patients’ demographic and etiologic factors were obtained and analyzed. A P value of <0.05 was considered significant. Results: A total of 160 patients comprising males, 102 (63.8%) and females 58 (36.2%), were seen over the period of study. The age of patients range from 4 months to 15 years, mean 7.07 ± 4.52 years. There was no gender difference in terms of age (P < 0.05). Road traffic accident (RTA) was the most common etiologic factor accounting for 45.0% of cases. This was followed by fall (40.6%). Animal related injury and violence accounted equally for 3.8%. Soft tissue injuries in the form of abrasion, laceration and avulsion accounted for 70.0% of cases. Other anatomical sites included the mandible (16.3%), dento-alveolar fractures(12.5%), and midface (1.3%). Conclusion: Road traffic accident and falls still remains the leading cause of maxillofacial injuries in children in this part of the globe. There is a need to reinforce existing traffic laws that aimed at minimizing the menace of RTA-related accidents.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/2811
Appears in Collections:Surgery

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