University of Jos Institutional Repository >
Pharmaceutical Sciences >
Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Practice >
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Title: ||Self-medication among Pregnant Women Attending Ante-natal Clinics in Jos-North, Nigeria|
|Authors: ||Joseph, B. N.|
Ezie, I. J.
Aya, B. M.
Dapar, M. L. P.
|Issue Date: ||2017|
|Publisher: ||International Journal of TROPICAL DISEASE & Health|
|Series/Report no.: ||Vol.21;Iss.1; Pp 1-7|
|Abstract: ||Background: Self-medication in pregnancy is a great risk irrespective of consumer’s perceived
knowledge about the safety of the medicine or previous use history.
Aims: This study examined the extent of self-medication and its determinants among pregnant
women attending ante-natal clinics.
Study Design: Cross-sectional survey of pregnant women attending ante-natal clinics.
Methods: Pre-tested structured questionnaire was employed to assess the perception, attitude,
practices and views of respondents. We selected respondents in an alternate pattern; 350
respondents attending ante-natal clinics at two tertiary hospitals and a primary health care centre in
Jos, Nigeria were recruited. We approached respondents with the questionnaires during ante-natal
clinics; this was repeated consecutively for six weeks between November 5th, 2014 and December
Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 17 was used for analysis. Results were
presented in descriptive and inferential statistics. P-value < .05 was considered statistically
significant for association. Results: Self-medication was prevalent in 62.9% of pregnant women attending ante-natal clinics.
Over one-tenth (11.8%) self-medicated with herbal medicine while 6.6% used conventional and
herbal medicines concomitantly in the current pregnancy. Majority (87.6%) of respondents
demonstrated adequate knowledge about medicine safety issues, yet self-medication practice was
high. Having foreknowledge about the condition and its management (31.4%), a history of previous
treatment (26.3%) and attitude towards the use of medicine for minor ailments (21.9%) were the
major facilitators of self-medication in pregnancy.
Conclusion: Self-medication in pregnancy is considerably high (62.9%). Women probably
perceived minor ailment requires mild medication purportedly considered safe in pregnancy. Self-medication
in pregnancy increases as knowledge and awareness about the harmful effects of
medicine increases, though this interaction is statistically insignificant.|
|Appears in Collections:||Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Practice|
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.