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|Title: ||Prescription Patterns of Antimalarial Medicines in Selected Primary Health Care (PHC) Facilities of Jos North Local Government Area (LGA) of Plateau State, Nigeria|
|Authors: ||Jimam, Nanloh S.|
Dayom, Wetkos D.
Jingina, Micah Y.
Mohammed, Umar D.
|Keywords: ||antimalarial drugs|
|Issue Date: ||2019|
|Publisher: ||European Journal of Biotechnology and Bioscience|
|Series/Report no.: ||Vol. 7;Iss. 2; Pp 66-70|
|Abstract: ||Objectives: The high prevalence of malaria in sub-Saharan Africa has been linked to irrational treatment practices. The present study
evaluates prescription patterns of antimalarial drugs in PHC facilities of Jos North LGA of Plateau state, North-Central Nigeria.
Materials and methods: Nine hundred (900) patients’ data were extracted retrospectively using Patients’ Medication Review Form
(PMRF), and analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20.
Results: Out of 900 patients that were treated for the disease in the selected primary healthcare facilities, majority (61.2%) were
female and artemether-lumefantrine combination was the most prescribed drug (28.7%) by the prescribers, followed by paracetamol
(26.2%) as co-medication. The average number of drugs per prescription was 5.33±0.58 (Mean ±SD). The result indicated irrational
prescription practices by the prescribers based on the observed poly-pharmacy practices (5.33±0.58 (Mean ±SD)), prescription by
generic (66.4%), and inclusion of injectables (18.0%), while their use of antibiotics (21.5%) and prescription from essential drug list
were in accordance with the WHO/INRUD optimal levels.
Conclusion: The result shows irrational prescription practices in the PHC facilities as there were high practices of poly-pharmacy,
poor prescription by generics, and unnecessary inclusion of injectable in patients’ regimens.|
|Appears in Collections:||Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacy Practice|
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