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|Title: ||Aeromonas-related Diarrhoea in Nasarawa, Nigeria|
|Authors: ||Kandakai-Olukemi, Y.T.|
|Issue Date: ||2007|
|Publisher: ||Annals of African Medicine|
|Series/Report no.: ||Vol.6;No.2;Pp 76-79|
|Abstract: ||Background: Two hundred and fifty volunteer patients attending 5 major hospitals in Nasarawa town,
Nasarawa State, Nigeria were involved in this study to determine the prevalence of Aeromonas spp in
persons with diarrhoea. The study population consisted of 133 males and 117 females between the ages
of 0-70 years.
Methods: Stool samples (148 diarrhoeal and 102 non-diarrhoeal) were analysed for the presence of
Aeromonas spp. using standard bacteriological methods. The isolates were also subjected to
antimicrobial susceptibility testing using the disc diffusion method.
Results: Four (1.60%) of the 250 stool samples were positive for Aeromonas spp. Three (2.03%) of the
isolates were recovered from diarrhoea Ispecimens and I(0.98%) from non-diarrhoeal (control) samples.
The difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The highest numbers of isolates 3 (3.66%) were
recovered from age group 0-10 years while age group 61-70 years yielded I (14.29%). All isolates were
found to be Aeromonas hydrophilic. The isolates were all sensitive to tetracycline, gentamicin,
chloramphenicol, cotrimoxazole and streptomycin but resistant to penicillin and ampicillin. Other
enteropathogens isolated were Shigella spp 5 (2.0%) and Salmonella spp 2(0.8%).
Conclusion: This study has shown that a small percentage of gastroenteritis can be attributed to
|Appears in Collections:||Medical Microbiology|
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