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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/439

Title: Antimicrobial Activity of Cymbopogon citratus (Lemon Grass) and It's Phytochemical Properties
Authors: Ewansiha, J.U.
Garba, S.A.
Mawak, J.D.
Oyewole, O.A.
Keywords: Cold maceration,
Antimicrobial potency,
Minimum Inhibitory Concentration,
Minimum Bactericidal Concentration,
Phytochemical screening.
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: Frontiers in Science
Series/Report no.: Vol.2;No.6;Pp 214-220
Abstract: The cold maceration and agar diffusion technique were emp loyed to assess phytochemical propert ies and the antimicrobia I potency of Cy mbopogon citratus (lemongrass) against selected microbial pathogens using hexane, ch loroform and methanol as extracting solvents. The mean zones of inhibition of the chloroform leaf and corresponding root extracts for the test organisms were Staphylococus aureus (l1.33±1.l5,11.66±2.52), Salmonella typhi (I 1.33±1.53,I 3.66±0.58), Escherichia coli (16.33±0.58,15.66±2.31) and Candida albicans (7.66±0.58,8.66±\.53) respectively. He xane and methanol extracts showed no activity against the test organisms. The min imu m inhib itory concentration (MIC) and the corresponding minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) for chloroform leaf and root extracts were: Staphylococus aureus (24~g/ml, 28~g/ml), Salmonella typhi (20~g/ml, 28~g/ml), Escherichia coli (14~g/ml, l Sug/rnl), Candida albicans (32~g/ml, 38J.!g/ml) and Staphylococus aureus (20~g/ml, 26J.!g/ml), Salmonella typhi( l Sug/rnl, 24J.!g/ml), Escherichia coli (14~g/ml, l6J.!g/ml), Candida albicans (28J.!g/ml, 32J.!g/ml) respectively. Phytochemical screening on Cymbopogon citratus showed that five active ingredients: Tannins, Flavonoids, Phenols, Carbohydrates and volatile oil were present in both the root and leaf parts. The mean zones of inhibit ion showed that Cymbopogon citratus exh ibited an intermediate antimicrobial activity against the bacteria species while C. albicans was resistant. Higher dose of C. citratus may be recommended to exert a remarkable antimicrobial activity against the test organisms.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/439
Appears in Collections:Microbiology

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