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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/451

Title: Isolation of Enteropathogenic Escherichia coli from Children with Diarrhoea Attending the National Hospital in Abuja, Nigeria.
Authors: Kandakai-Olukemi, Y. T
Mawak, J.D
Onojo, M.M
Keywords: serotype.
Issue Date: Jul-2009
Publisher: Shiraz E-Medical Journal
Series/Report no.: Vol.10;No.3;Pp 99-106
Abstract: Background: Diarrhoeal diseases remain one of the leading causes of childhood morbidity and mortality in most developing countries, with enteropathogenic Escherichia coil (EPEC) being one of the most important aetiologic agents of infantile diarrhoea in many of these countries. Objective: To determine the prevalence of EPEe in children (0-24 months) with diarrhoea. Methods: One hundred stool samples from children with diarrhoea attending the National Hospital In Abuja, Nigeria were analysed for the presence of EPEC using standard bacteriological methods. Isolates were also subjected to antimicrobial testing using the disc diffusion method. Results: Fifteen (J 5.000/0) samples were posiuvc for EPEe. The highest number of isolates was recovered from the 6-12 months age group With 10 (20.410/0) in total. No isolates were recovered from the O• 5 months age group or from exclusively breast fed children, however, nine (J 9, 15"10) children receiving mixed feeding and six (33,33'1'0) children who were not being breast-fed tested positive for EPEe, and the difference was found to be statistically Significant (P<0.05). The highest number of isolates, eight (53,33%), belonged to those in the poly 1 sero-group with serotypes 01,026, 086a, 0111, 0119, 0127 and 0128. Fourteen (93,33"10) of the isolates were sensitive to norfloxacin. 13 (86,67"10) each to ofloxacin and colistin, 11 (73.33%) to nalidixic acid, 10 (66,67'Vcl) to cefuroxime, two (13,33"10) to cotrimoxazole, and one (6.67%) to tetracycline. None of the isolates were found to be sensiuve to ampicillin or chloramphenicol. Conclusion: This study has shown that mulLidrug resistant EPEe is associated with infantile diarrhoea in Abuja, Nigeria. To address this issue, antibiotic therapy should take into consideration the susceptibility pattern of the pathogen. In addition, the incidence of EPEe in children can be traced primarily to faulty weaning pracuccs and/or poor personal hygiene
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/451
ISSN: 1735-1391
Appears in Collections:Medical Microbiology

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