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|Title: ||Serosurvey for Toxoplasma gondii in dogs in Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria|
|Authors: ||Kamani, Joshua|
Mani, Aliyu U.
Kumshe, Hussaini A.
Dogo, Goni I.
Yidawi, James P.
Dauda, Pauline K.
Nnabuife, Henry E.
Egwu, Godwin O.
|Issue Date: ||2010|
|Publisher: ||The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries|
|Series/Report no.: ||Vol.4;No.1;Pp 016-018|
|Abstract: ||The seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) antibodies in dogs in Maiduguri, the capital of Borno State, Nigeria, was determined using the Latex Aagglutination Test (LAT). Antibodies (LAT titer > 1:64) to T. gondii were found in 42 (25%) of the animals examined. Antibody titers in positive dogs ranged from 1:64 (15 dogs) to1:2048 (3 dogs). There was a significant statistical difference (P < 0.05) between age groups of dogs, the prevalence being higher in dogs ≥ 3 years (2 = 13.73 P = 0.0002, OR 2.80 CI95% 1.28-6.13 P = 0.008). Pure Alsatians and their crosses were less likely to be seropositive (OR cross breed 0.28 CI95% 0.13-0.61 P = 0.001, OR Alsatian 0.16 CI95% 0.04-0.58 P = 0.002). The high prevalence of T. gondii infection that we found in dogs suggests a need for a larger survey to determine the national prevalence and identify possible risk factors in different agro-climatic zones. Such a study will help in formulating nation-wide control measures for toxoplasmosis.|
|Appears in Collections:||Zoology|
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