University of Jos Institutional Repository >
Natural Sciences >
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Title: ||A Study on Helminthiasis of Cattle Herds in Kachia Grazing Reserve (KGR) of Kaduna State, Nigeria|
|Authors: ||Nnabuife, H.E|
|Issue Date: ||10-Nov-2013|
|Publisher: ||Veterinary World|
|Series/Report no.: ||Vol.6;Pp 936-940|
|Abstract: ||Aim: This study was conducted with the aim of determining the prevalence of helminthes in cattle and treatment intervention
strategy in Kachia Grazing Reserve (KGR).
Materials and Methods: A total of 3,651 cattle from 88 households were randomly selected, sampled and examined . The
sampling was spread over three (3) periods; Pre-intervention (1,609), Intervention (1,525) and Post-intervention (517). Both
physical examination and laboratory investigation were employed in the study.
Results: This study revealed the presence of different types of helminthes in the bovine population of the KGR which include
the helminth eggs of Nematodes (Oesophagostomum radiatum, Bonustonum phlebotomum, Tricuris globulosa, Cooperia
pectinita, Toxocara vitulorum, Strongiloides papillosus, Strogylus langamus), Cestodes (Moneizia benedeni) and Trematodes
( Schistosoma bovis, Paramphistomum cervi, Fasciola gigantica) at different intervention periods, where by 820 (53.77%)
were positive for pre- intervention, 946 (58.79%) positive for intervention and 205 (39.65%) were positive for postintervention
period. Among the eleven species of helminthes identified, P. cervi was the most prevalent in all the periods,
followed by O. radiatum. The study also revealed that the cattle in the study area were infected with single and multiple
infections. Furthermore, 498(32.66%), 585(36.36%) and 171(33.08%) of cattle for the pre- intervention, intervention and
post- intervention periods, respectively had single infection. However, 305 (20%), 381 (23.68%) and 37 (7.16%) of the cattle
for the three periods, respectively harbored multiple infections (polyparasitism) caused by two to six different parasites. The
results also show that age was a factor in the abundance of the parasites in the cattle as parasites were demonstrated more in
adult cattle than the young stock (calves and yearlings). Chi-square and Kruskal Wallis showed a significant difference (p <
0.05) in the prevalence during the three periods.
Conclusion: The present study revealed that helminthes of cattle are common in KGR; hence there is a need for regular faecal
examination and routine treatment of the herds instead of treating the individual cases.|
|Appears in Collections:||Zoology|
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.