University of Jos Institutional Repository >
Medical Sciences >
Surgery >

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/801

Title: Male Breast Malignancy in Jos University Teaching Hospital
Authors: Kidmas, A.T
Ugwu, B.T
Manasseh, A.N
Iya, D
Opaluwa, A.S
Keywords: Male breast cancer,
Late presentation.
Issue Date: 2005
Series/Report no.: Vol.24;No.1
Abstract: Background: Male breast malignancies are rare. Cancer of the male breast accounts for about 1% OF all breast cancers. Poor level of awareness often results in late presentation and delayed diagnosis in our environment. Patients and Methods: A retrospective study of all cases of male breast cancer (MBC) managed in Jos University Teaching Hospital over a 17-year period (January 1987-December 2003.) Results: A total of 320 cases of breast malignancies were managed over the study period. Twenty-six (8.6%) of these were males giving a male:female ratio of 1:10.6. The ages of the 26 MBC cases ranged from 12 years to 85 years, with a mean of 57.9 years and median age of 67 years. The right breast was affected in 15 and the left in 11. Mean duration of symptoms before presentation was 6 months with a range of 3 months to 4 years. All the patients had history of breast lumps, 21 (80.8%) of which were painless. Skin ulceration and axillary node enlargement were present in 19(73.1%) and 24(92.3%) respectively. Five (19.2%) were state II; 15(57.&%) stage III and 6(23.1%) stage IV. There were 23 (88.5%) carcinomas, 2(7.7%) fibrosarcomas and a case of Hodgkin's lymphoma. Invasive ductal carcinoma was the most common histological type in 20 (76.9%) of all breast malignancy and 20 (87.0%) of breast carcinomas. Modified radical mastectomy (mastectomy with axillary clearance with or without division of the pectoralis minor muscle) was done in 10(38.5%) patients. Two of these were fibrosarconmas. Simple mastectomy was done in 13(50%) as toilet procedures for advanced disease. The only case of Hodgkin's lymphoma had chemotherapy. Bilateral orchidectomy (BO), Tamoxifen, chemotherapy and radiotherapy were offered in 7(26.9%), 13(50%), 17(65.4%) and 7(26.9%) patients respectively. Wound infection was the most common complication in 14(53.8%) patients. There was no case of hospital mortality. Conclusion: MBC accounts for 8.6% of all breast cancers in our centre. It affects elderly males. Late presentation with advanced disease and ulceration is a common feature in our environment.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/801
Appears in Collections:Surgery

Files in This Item:

File Description SizeFormat
Male Breast0001.pdf481.59 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
View Statistics

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.


Valid XHTML 1.0! DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2010  Duraspace - Feedback