University of Jos Institutional Repository >
Medical Sciences >
Radiology >

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/876

Title: Comparative Study on Luminal Diameter, Blood Flow Velocity and Intima Media Thickness of Carotid Arteries in Obese and Non- Obese Humans
Authors: Pam, S.D.
Dakok, K.K.
Chagok, N.M.D.
Gadong, E.P.
Sirisena, U.A.I.
Keywords: Atherosclerosis
carotid artery
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare
Series/Report no.: Vol. 5;No.14; Pp 116-121
Abstract: Studies leading to the determination of the onset of atherosclerosis, a major parameter in cardiovascular diseases has dominated the academic community concerned with heart diseases. This study is aimed at investigating the difference in blood flow velocities, lumen diameters and intima-media thickness of the carotid arteries of overweight/ obese and non-obese human subjects. Doppler ultrasound measurements of the carotid arteries was performed in 50 adults, aged between 18-76 years old. The Body Mass Index (BMI), Waist to Height Ratio (WHtR) of the subjects were calculated from their weight, height and waist measurements. Results show significant differences between group 1 (normal weight) and group 2 (over-weight/obese): luminal diameters on the right (RLD) and left (LLD), intima media thickness on the right (RIMT) and left (LIMT) of the carotid arteries were significantly larger in group 2 than in group 1; peak systolic velocities on the right (RPSV) and the left (LPSV) of the carotid arteries were significantly lower in group 2 than in group 1, while the end diastolic velocities on the right (REDV) and left (LEDV) were significantly larger in group 2 than in group 1. In the overweight/ obese subjects, the increased RLD, LLD, RIMT, LIMT, RPSV, LPSV and high REDV and LEDV points at the early stage of atherosclerosis. These effects mean that over-weight and obesity increase the chances of atherosclerosis and stroke.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/123456789/876
ISSN: 2225-093X
Appears in Collections:Radiology

Files in This Item:

File Description SizeFormat
23995-26570-1-PB.pdf297.95 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
View Statistics

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.


Valid XHTML 1.0! DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2010  Duraspace - Feedback